Journal of Systems Engineering and Electronics ›› 2012, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (1): 24-31.doi: 10.1109/JSEE.2012.00004

• ELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Capacity analysis of transmit beamforming with variable feedback delay

Lei Zhu1,2,*, Yong Xiong1,2, and Xiumei Yang1,2   

  1. 1. Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, P. R. China;
    2. Shanghai Research Center for Wireless Communications, Shanghai 200335, P. R. China
  • Online:2012-02-25 Published:2010-01-03


The feedback delay can severely affect the quality of the channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT) which is fed back from the receiver. The outdated CSIT will cause large performance loss in the transmit beamforming systems. The effect of variable feedback delay on the capacity of transmit beamforming systems over Rayleigh fading channels is studied. First, the case of fixed feedback delay is considered and a closed-form expression of system capacity is derived. Based on the results of fixed delay, the delay following certain distributions in variable delay case is assumed and the closed-form expressions of capacities are derived. The closed-form expressions show that the capacity is significantly affected by the statistical characteristics of the feedback delay. The obtained results provide an analytical insight into the effects caused by variable delay on the system capacity.