Systems Engineering and Electronics

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Immune particle swarm optimization of linear frequency modulation in acoustic communication

Haipeng Ren* and Yang Zhao   

  1. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Complex System Control and Intelligent Information Processing, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an 710048, China
  • Online:2015-06-25 Published:2010-01-03


With the exploration of the ocean, underwater acoustic communication has attracted more and more attention in recent years. The underwater acoustic channel is considered to be one of the most complicated channls because it suffers from more serious multipath effect, fewer available bandwidths and quite complex noise. Since the signals experience a serious distortion after being transmitted through the underwater acoustic channel, the underwater acoustic communication experiences a high bit error rate (BER). To solve this problem, carrier waveform interdisplacement (CWID) modulation is proposed. It has been proved that CWID modulation is an effective method to decrease BER. The linear frequency modulation (LFM) carrier-waves are used in CWID modulation. The performance of the communication using CWID modulation is sensitive to the change of the frequency band of LFM carrier-waves. The immune particle swarm optimization (IPSO) is introduced to search for the optimal frequency band of the LFM carrier-waves, due to its excellent performance in solving complicated optimization problems. The multi-objective and multipeak optimization nature of the IPSO gives a suitable description of the relationship between the upper band and the lower band of the LFM carrier-waves. Simulations verify the improved performance and effectiveness of the optimization method.