Journal of Systems Engineering and Electronics ›› 2012, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (3): 349-354.doi: 10.1109/JSEE.2012.00043

• ELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Mobile channel estimation for MU-MIMO systems using KL expansion based extrapolation

Donghua Chen1,∗ and Hongbing Qiu2   

  1. 1. College of Information Science and Engineering, Huaqiao University, Xiamen 361021, P. R. China;
    2. Information and Communication College, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin 541004, P. R. China
  • Online:2012-06-25 Published:2010-01-03


In multi-user multiple input multiple output (MU-MIMO) systems, the outdated channel state information at the transmitter caused by channel time variation has been shown to greatly reduce the achievable ergodic sum capacity. A simple yet effective solution to this problem is presented by designing a channel extrapolator relying on Karhunen-Loeve (KL) expansion of timevarying channels. In this scheme, channel estimation is done at the base station (BS) rather than at the user terminal (UT), which thereby dispenses the channel parameters feedback from the UT to the BS. Moreover, the inherent channel correlation and the parsimonious parameterization properties of the KL expansion are respectively exploited to reduce the channel mismatch error and the computational complexity. Simulations show that the presented scheme outperforms conventional schemes in terms of both channel estimation mean square error (MSE) and ergodic capacity