Journal of Systems Engineering and Electronics ›› 2014, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (5): 760-768.doi: 10.1109/JSEE.2014.00088

• ELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY • Previous Articles     Next Articles

High-resolution swath bathymetry using MIMO sonar system

Xionghou Liu, Chao Sun*, Jie Zhuo, Feng Yi, and Zongwei Liu   

  1. Institute of Acoustic Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
  • Online:2014-10-23 Published:2010-01-03


For increasing the cross-track resolution, the multiple input multiple output (MIMO) technique is introduced into the swath bathymetry system and a new swath bathymetry approach using MIMO sonar is proposed. The MIMO sonar is composed of two parallel transmitting uniform linear arrays (ULAs) and a receiving ULA which is perpendicular to the former. The spacing between the two transmitting ULAs is equal to the product of the receiving sensor number and the receiving inter-sensor spacing. Furthermore, two narrowband linear frequency modulation (LFM) pulses, sharing the same frequency band but with opposite modulation slopes, are used as transmitting waveforms of the two transmitting ULAs. With such an array layout and transmitting signals, the MIMO sonar can sound a swath with the cross-track resolution doubling that of the traditional multibeam sonar using a Mills cross array. Numerical examples are provided to verify the effectiveness of the proposed approach.