Systems Engineering and Electronics


Near field 3-D imaging approach for joint high-resolution imaging and phase error correction

Yang Fang1, Baoping Wang2,*, Chao Sun1, Zuxun Song1, and Shuzhen Wang3   

  1. 1. School of Electronics and Information, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China;
    2. National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on UAV, Xi’an 710065, China;
    3. School of Computer Science and Technology, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
  • Online:2017-04-25 Published:2010-01-03


This paper combines compressed sensing (CS) imaging theory and range migration algorithm (RMA), and then proposes a near-field three-dimensional (3-D) imaging approach for joint high-resolution imaging and phase error correction. Firstly, a sparse measurement matrix construction method based on a logistic sequence is proposed, which conducts nonlinear transformation for the determined logistic sequence, making it obey uniform distribution, then conducts sign function mapping, and generates the pseudorandom sequence with Bernoulli distribution, thus leading to good signal recovery under down-sampling and easy availability for engineering realization. Secondly, in combination with the RMA imaging approach, the dictionary with all scene information and phase error correction is constructed for CS signal recovery and error correction. Finally, the non-quadratic solution model jointing imaging and phase error correction based on regularization is built, and it is solved by two steps—the separable surrogate functionals (SSF) iterative shrinkage algorithm is adopted to realize target scattering estimate; the iteration mode is adopted for the correction of the dictionary model, so as to achieve the goal of error correction and highly-focused imaging. The proposed approach proves to be effective through numerical simulation and real measurement in anechoic chamber. The results show that, the proposed approach can realize high-resolution imaging in the case of less data; the designed measurement matrix has better non-coherence and easy availability for engineering realization. The proposed approach can effectively correct the phase error, and achieve highly-focused target image.