Journal of Systems Engineering and Electronics ›› 2022, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 1010-1024.doi: 10.23919/JSEE.2022.000097

• SYSTEMS ENGINEERING • Previous Articles    

Firepower distribution method of anti-ship missile based on coupled path planning

Gang LIU1,*(), Zhibiao AN1(), Songyang LAO2(), Wu LI1()   

  1. 1 School of Information Science and Engineering, Hunan Institute of Science and Technology, Yueyang 414006, China
    2 College of Systems Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410000, China
  • Received:2022-03-01 Online:2022-08-30 Published:2022-08-30
  • Contact: Gang LIU;;;
  • About author:|LIU Gang was born in 1983. He received his B.S. and M.S. degrees from Naval Arms Command Institute, Guangzhou, China, in 2005 and 2008, respectively, and Ph.D. degree from National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, China, 2013. He has been working in School of Information Science and Engineering, Hunan Institute of Science and Technology, since 2018. His research interests include intelligent information processing and collaborative mission planning. E-mail:||AN Zhibiao was born in 1998. He received his B.S. degree in Tangshan University, Tangshan, China, in 2019. Currently he is a graduate student in School of Information Science and Engineering, Hunan Institute of Science and Technology. His research interests include path planning. E-mail:||LAO Songyang was born in 1968. He received his B.S. degree in information system engineering and Ph.D. degree in system engineering from National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, China, in 1990 and 1996, respectively. He was a visiting scholar with Dublin City University, Ireland, from 2004 to 2005. He is currently a professor with the College of Systems Engineering. His current research interests include deep learning, image processing, video analysis, and human-computer interaction. E-mail:||LI Wu was born in 1977. He received his B.S. degree from Shenyang Ligong University, Shenyang, China, M.S. degree in power system and its automation from Xi’nan Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China, and Ph.D. degree in control science and engineering from Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China, in 2009. His current research interests include intelligent decision analysis and optimization. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (2020JJ4339) and the Scientific Research Fund of Hunan Provincial Education Department (20B272).


Anti-ship missile coordinated attack mission planning is a complex multi-objective optimization problem with multiple combinations of platforms, strong decision-making constraints, and tightly coupled links. To avoid the coupling disorder between path planning and firepower distribution and improve the efficiency of coordinated attack mission planning, a firepower distribution model under the conditions of path planning is established from the perspective of decoupling optimization and the algorithm is implemented. First, we establish reference coordinate system of firepower distribution to clarify the reference direction of firepower distribution and divide the area of firepower distribution; then, we construct an index table of membership of firepower distribution to obtain alternative firepower distribution plans; finally, the fitness function of firepower distribution is established based on damage income, missile loss, ratio of efficiency and cost of firepower distribution, and the mean square deviation of the number of missiles used, and the alternatives are sorted to obtain the optimal firepower distribution plan. According to two simulation experiments, the method in this paper can effectively solve the many-to-many firepower distribution problem of coupled path planning. Under the premise of ensuring that no path crossing occurs, the optimal global solution can be obtained, and the operability and timeliness are good.

Key words: anti-ship missile, path planning, firepower distribution, cooperation, weapon-target assignment (WTA), coupled