Current Issue

30 June 2023, Volume 34 Issue 3
2023, 34(3):  0. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (112KB) ( )  
Related Articles | Metrics
Complex systems and network science: a survey
Kewei YANG, Jichao LI, Maidi LIU, Tianyang LEI, Xueming XU, Hongqian WU, Jiaping CAO, Gaoxin QI
2023, 34(3):  543-573.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000080
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (8641KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

Complex systems widely exist in nature and human society. There are complex interactions between system elements in a complex system, and systems show complex features at the macro level, such as emergence, self-organization, uncertainty, and dynamics. These complex features make it difficult to understand the internal operation mechanism of complex systems. Networked modeling of complex systems is a favorable means of understanding complex systems. It not only represents complex interactions but also reflects essential attributes of complex systems. This paper summarizes the research progress of complex systems modeling and analysis from the perspective of network science, including networked modeling, vital node analysis, network invulnerability analysis, network disintegration analysis, resilience analysis, complex network link prediction, and the attacker-defender game in complex networks. In addition, this paper presents some points of view on the trend and focus of future research on network analysis of complex systems.

An evaluation method of contribution rate based on fuzzy Bayesian networks for equipment system-of-systems architecture
Renjie XU, Xin LIU, Donghao CUI, Jian XIE, Lin GONG
2023, 34(3):  574-587.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000081
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (5118KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

The contribution rate of equipment system-of-systems architecture (ESoSA) is an important index to evaluate the equipment update, development, and architecture optimization. Since the traditional ESoSA contribution rate evaluation method does not make full use of the fuzzy information and uncertain information in the equipment system-of-systems (ESoS), and the Bayesian network is an effective tool to solve the uncertain information, a new ESoSA contribution rate evaluation method based on the fuzzy Bayesian network (FBN) is proposed. Firstly, based on the operation loop theory, an ESoSA is constructed considering three aspects: reconnaissance equipment, decision equipment, and strike equipment. Next, the fuzzy set theory is introduced to construct the FBN of ESoSA to deal with fuzzy information and uncertain information. Furthermore, the fuzzy importance index of the root node of the FBN is used to calculate the contribution rate of the ESoSA, and the ESoSA contribution rate evaluation model based on the root node fuzzy importance is established. Finally, the feasibility and rationality of this method are validated via an empirical case study of aviation ESoSA. Compared with traditional methods, the evaluation method based on FBN takes various failure states of equipment into consideration, is free of acquiring accurate probability of traditional equipment failure, and models the uncertainty of the relationship between equipment. The proposed method not only supplements and improves the ESoSA contribution rate assessment method, but also broadens the application scope of the Bayesian network.

Mission reliability modeling and evaluation for reconfigurable unmanned weapon system-of-systems based on effective operation loop
Zhiwei CHEN, Ziming ZHOU, Luogeng ZHANG, Chaowei CUI, Jilong ZHONG
2023, 34(3):  588-597.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000082
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (1986KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

The concept of unmanned weapon system-of-systems (UWSoS) involves a collection of various unmanned systems to achieve or accomplish a specific goal or mission. The mission reliability of UWSoS is represented by its ability to finish a required mission above the baselines of a given mission. However, issues with heterogeneity, cooperation between systems, and the emergence of UWSoS cannot be effectively solved by traditional system reliability methods. This study proposes an effective operation-loop-based mission reliability evaluation method for UWSoS by analyzing dynamic reconfiguration. First, we present a new connotation of an effective operation loop by considering the allocation of operational entities and physical resource constraints. Then, we propose an effective operation-loop-based mission reliability model for a heterogeneous UWSoS according to the mission baseline. Moreover, a mission reliability evaluation algorithm is proposed under random external shocks and topology reconfiguration, revealing the evolution law of the effective operation loop and mission reliability. Finally, a typical 60-unmanned-aerial-vehicle-swarm is taken as an example to demonstrate the proposed models and methods. The mission reliability is achieved by considering external shocks, which can serve as a reference for evaluating and improving the effectiveness of UWSoS.

Adaptive dynamic reconfiguration mechanism of unmanned swarm topology based on an evolutionary game
Minggang YU, Yanjie NIU, Xueda LIU, Dongge ZHANG, Peng ZHENG, Ming HE, Ling LUO
2023, 34(3):  598-614.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000041
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (7633KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

Autonomous cooperation of unmanned swarms is the research focus on “new combat forces” and “disruptive technologies” in military fields. The mechanism design is the fundamental way to realize autonomous cooperation. Facing the realistic requirements of a swarm network dynamic adjustment under the background of high dynamics and strong confrontation and aiming at the optimization of the coordination level, an adaptive dynamic reconfiguration mechanism of unmanned swarm topology based on an evolutionary game is designed. This paper analyzes military requirements and proposes the basic framework of autonomous cooperation of unmanned swarms, including the emergence of swarm intelligence, information network construction and collaborative mechanism design. Then, based on the framework, the adaptive dynamic reconfiguration mechanism is discussed in detail from two aspects: topology dynamics and strategy dynamics. Next, the unmanned swarms’ community network is designed, and the network characteristics are analyzed. Moreover, the mechanism characteristics are analyzed by numerical simulation, focusing on the impact of key parameters, such as cost, benefit coefficient and adjustment rate on the level of swarm cooperation. Finally, the conclusion is made, which is expected to provide a theoretical reference and decision support for cooperative mode design and combat effectiveness generation of unmanned swarm operations.

News event prediction by trigger evolution graph and event segment
Yaru ZHANG, Xijin TANG
2023, 34(3):  615-626.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000083
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (2789KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

Event prediction aims to predict the most possible following event given a chain of closely related context events. Previous methods based on event pairs or the entire event chain may ignore much structural and semantic information. Current datasets for event prediction, naturally, can be used for supervised learning. Event chains are either from document-level procedural action flow, or from news sequences under the same column. This paper leverages graph structure knowledge of event triggers and event segment information for event prediction with general news corpus, and adopts the standard multiple choice narrative cloze task evaluation. The topic model is utilized to extract event chains from the news corpus to deal with training data bottleneck. Based on trigger-guided structural relations in the event chains, we construct trigger evolution graph, and trigger representations are learned through graph convolutional neural network and the novel neighbor selection strategy. Then there are features of two levels for each event, namely, text level semantic feature and trigger level structural feature. We design the attention mechanism to learn the features of event segments derived in term of event major subjects, and integrate relevance between event segments and the candidate event. The most possible next event is picked by the relevance. Experimental results on the real-world news corpus verify the effectiveness of the proposed model.

A goal-based approach for modeling and simulation of different types of system-of-systems
Yimin FENG, Chenchu ZHOU, Qiang ZOU, Yusheng LIU, Jiyuan LYU, Xinfeng WU
2023, 34(3):  627-640.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000084
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (1326KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

A system of systems (SoS) composes a set of independent constituent systems (CSs), where the degree of authority to control the independence of CSs varies, depending on different SoS types. Key researchers describe four SoS types with descending levels of central authority: directed, acknowledged, collaborative and virtual. Although the definitions have been recognized in SoS engineering, what is challenging is the difficulty of translating these definitions into models and simulation environments. Thus, we provide a goal-based method including a mathematical baseline to translate these definitions into more effective agent-based modeling and simulations. First, we construct the theoretical models of CS and SoS. Based on the theoretical models, we analyze the degree of authority influenced by SoS characteristics. Next, we propose a definition of SoS types by quantitatively explaining the degree of authority. Finally, we recognize the differences between acknowledged SoS and collaborative SoS using a migrating waterfowl flock by an agent-based model (ABM) simulation. This paper contributes to the SoS body of knowledge by increasing our understanding of the degree of authority in an SoS, so we may identify suitable SoS types to achieve SoS goals by modeling and simulation.

Design of multilayer cellular neural network based on memristor crossbar and its application to edge detection
Yongbin YU, Haowen TANG, Xiao FENG, Xiangxiang WANG, Hang HUANG
2023, 34(3):  641-649.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2022.000127
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (7409KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

Memristor with memory properties can be applied to connection points (synapses) between cells in a cellular neural network (CNN). This paper highlights memristor crossbar-based multilayer CNN (MCM-CNN) and its application to edge detection. An MCM-CNN is designed by adopting a memristor crossbar composed of a pair of memristors. MCM-CNN based on the memristor crossbar with changeable weight is suitable for edge detection of a binary image and a color image considering its characteristics of programmablization and compactation. Figure of merit (FOM) is introduced to evaluate the proposed structure and several traditional edge detection operators for edge detection results. Experiment results show that the FOM of MCM-CNN is three times more than that of the traditional edge detection operators.

Dimension decomposition algorithm for multiple source localization using uniform circular array
Xiaolong SU, Panhe HU, Zhenhua WEI, Zhen LIU, Junpeng SHI, Xiang LI
2023, 34(3):  650-660.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000016
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (8629KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

A dimension decomposition (DIDE) method for multiple incoherent source localization using uniform circular array (UCA) is proposed. Due to the fact that the far-field signal can be considered as the state where the range parameter of the near-field signal is infinite, the algorithm for the near-field source localization is also suitable for estimating the direction of arrival (DOA) of far-field signals. By decomposing the first and second exponent term of the steering vector, the three-dimensional (3-D) parameter is transformed into two-dimensional (2-D) and one-dimensional (1-D) parameter estimation. First, by partitioning the received data, we exploit propagator to acquire the noise subspace. Next, the objective function is established and partial derivative is applied to acquire the spatial spectrum of 2-D DOA. At last, the estimated 2-D DOA is utilized to calculate the phase of the decomposed vector, and the least squares (LS) is performed to acquire the range parameters. In comparison to the existing algorithms, the proposed DIDE algorithm requires neither the eigendecomposition of covariance matrix nor the search process of range spatial spectrum, which can achieve satisfactory localization and reduce computational complexity. Simulations are implemented to illustrate the advantages of the proposed DIDE method. Moreover, simulations demonstrate that the proposed DIDE method can also classify the mixed far-field and near-field signals.

Effective implementation and improvement of fast labeled multi-Bernoulli filter
Xuan CHENG, Hongbing JI, Yongquan ZHANG
2023, 34(3):  661-673.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000030
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (4050KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

Effective implementation of the fast labeled multi-Bernoulli (FLMB) filter is addressed for target tracking with interval measurements. Firstly, a sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) implementation of the FLMB filter, SMC-FLMB filter, is derived based on generalized likelihood function weighting. Then, a box particle (BP) implementation of the FLMB filter, BP-FLMB filter, is developed, with a computational complexity reduction of the SMC-FLMB filter. Finally, an improved version of the BP-FLMB filter, improved BP-FLMB (IBP-FLMB) filter, is proposed, improving its estimation accuracy and real-time performance under the conditions of low detection probability and high clutter. Simulation results show that the BP-FLMB filter has a great improvement of the real-time performance than the SMC-FLMB filter, with similar tracking performance. Compared with the BP-FLMB filter, the IBP-FLMB filter has better estimation performance and real-time performance under the conditions of low detection probability and high clutter.

Parameter estimation of LFM signals based on time reversal
Xinjie MA, Wei QI, Kaijun CHE, Gang WU
2023, 34(3):  674-681.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000014
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (5591KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

In this paper, parameter estimation of linear frequency modulation (LFM) signals containing additive white Gaussian noise is studied. Because the center frequency estimation of an LFM signal is affected by the error propagation effect, resulting in a higher signal to noise ratio (SNR) threshold, a parameter estimation method for LFM signals based on time reversal is proposed. The proposed method avoids SNR loss in the process of estimating the frequency, thus reducing the SNR threshold. The simulation results show that the threshold is reduced by 5 dB compared with the discrete polynomial transform (DPT) method, and the root-mean-square error (RMSE) of the proposed estimator is close to the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB).

Dual-stream coupling network with wavelet transform for cross-resolution person re-identification
Rui SUN, Zi YANG, Zhenghui ZHAO, Xudong ZHANG
2023, 34(3):  682-695.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000028
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (5560KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

Person re-identification is a prevalent technology deployed on intelligent surveillance. There have been remarkable achievements in person re-identification methods based on the assumption that all person images have a sufficiently high resolution, yet such models are not applicable to the open world. In real world, the changing distance between pedestrians and the camera renders the resolution of pedestrians captured by the camera inconsistent. When low-resolution (LR) images in the query set are matched with high-resolution (HR) images in the gallery set, it degrades the performance of the pedestrian matching task due to the absent pedestrian critical information in LR images. To address the above issues, we present a dual-stream coupling network with wavelet transform (DSCWT) for the cross-resolution person re-identification task. Firstly, we use the multi-resolution analysis principle of wavelet transform to separately process the low-frequency and high-frequency regions of LR images, which is applied to restore the lost detail information of LR images. Then, we devise a residual knowledge constrained loss function that transfers knowledge between the two streams of LR images and HR images for accessing pedestrian invariant features at various resolutions. Extensive qualitative and quantitative experiments across four benchmark datasets verify the superiority of the proposed approach.

A camouflage target detection method based on local minimum difference constraints
Yuanying GAN, Chuntong LIU, Hongcai LI, Zhongye LIU
2023, 34(3):  696-705.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2022.000049
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (5275KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

To address the problems of missing inside and incomplete edge contours in camouflaged target detection results, we propose a camouflaged moving target detection algorithm based on local minimum difference constraints (LMDC). The algorithm first uses the mean to optimize the initial background model, removes the stable background region by global comparison, and extracts the edge point set in the potential target region so that each boundary point (seed) grows along the center of the target. Finally, we define the minor difference constraints term, combine the seed path and the target space consistency, and calculate the attributes of each pixel in the potential target area to realize camouflaged moving target detection. The algorithm of this paper is verified based on a public data sofa video and test videos and compared with the five classic algorithms. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm yields good results based on integrity, accuracy, and a number of objective evaluation indexes, and its overall performance is better than that of the compared algorithms.

PRI modulation recognition and sequence search under small sample prerequisite
Chunjie ZHANG, Yuchen LIU, Weijian SI
2023, 34(3):  706-713.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000007
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (4265KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

Pulse repetition interval (PRI) modulation recognition and pulse sequence search are significant for effective electronic support measures. In modern electromagnetic environments, different types of inter-pulse slide radars are highly confusing. There are few available training samples in practical situations, which leads to a low recognition accuracy and poor search effect of the pulse sequence. In this paper, an approach based on bi-directional long short-term memory (BiLSTM) networks and the temporal correlation algorithm for PRI modulation recognition and sequence search under the small sample prerequisite is proposed. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm can recognize unilinear, bilinear, sawtooth, and sinusoidal PRI modulation types with 91.43% accuracy and complete the pulse sequence search with 30% missing pulses and 50% spurious pulses under the small sample prerequisite.

Wind turbine clutter mitigation using morphological component analysis with group sparsity
Xiaoyu WAN, Mingwei SHEN, Di WU, Daiyin ZHU
2023, 34(3):  714-722.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2022.000157
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (5500KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

To address the problem that dynamic wind turbine clutter (WTC) significantly degrades the performance of weather radar, a WTC mitigation algorithm using morphological component analysis (MCA) with group sparsity is studied in this paper. The ground clutter is suppressed firstly to reduce the morphological compositions of radar echo. After that, the MCA algorithm is applied and the window used in the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) is optimized to lessen the spectrum leakage of WTC. Finally, the group sparsity structure of WTC in the STFT domain can be utilized to decrease the degrees of freedom in the solution, thus contributing to better estimation performance of weather signals. The effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed method are demonstrated by numerical simulations.

Adaptive resource allocation for workflow containerization on Kubernetes
Chenggang SHAN, Chuge WU, Yuanqing XIA, Zehua GUO, Danyang LIU, Jinhui ZHANG
2023, 34(3):  723-743.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000073
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (7442KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

In a cloud-native era, the Kubernetes-based workflow engine enables workflow containerized execution through the inherent abilities of Kubernetes. However, when encountering continuous workflow requests and unexpected resource request spikes, the engine is limited to the current workflow load information for resource allocation, which lacks the agility and predictability of resource allocation, resulting in over and under-provisioning resources. This mechanism seriously hinders workflow execution efficiency and leads to high resource waste. To overcome these drawbacks, we propose an adaptive resource allocation scheme named adaptive resource allocation scheme (ARAS) for the Kubernetes-based workflow engines. Considering potential future workflow task requests within the current task pod’s lifecycle, the ARAS uses a resource scaling strategy to allocate resources in response to high-concurrency workflow scenarios. The ARAS offers resource discovery, resource evaluation, and allocation functionalities and serves as a key component for our tailored workflow engine (KubeAdaptor). By integrating the ARAS into KubeAdaptor for workflow containerized execution, we demonstrate the practical abilities of KubeAdaptor and the advantages of our ARAS. Compared with the baseline algorithm, experimental evaluation under three distinct workflow arrival patterns shows that ARAS gains time-saving of 9.8% to 40.92% in the average total duration of all workflows, time-saving of 26.4% to 79.86% in the average duration of individual workflow, and an increase of 1% to 16% in centrol processing unit (CPU) and memory resource usage rate.

Novel camera calibration method based on invariance of collinear points and pole–polar constraint
Liang WEI, Guiyang ZHANG, Ju HUO, Muyao XUE
2023, 34(3):  744-753.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000074
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (6174KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

To address the eccentric error of circular marks in camera calibration, a circle location method based on the invariance of collinear points and pole–polar constraint is proposed in this paper. Firstly, the centers of the ellipses are extracted, and the real concentric circle center projection equation is established by exploiting the cross ratio invariance of the collinear points. Subsequently, since the infinite lines passing through the centers of the marks are parallel, the other center projection coordinates are expressed as the solution problem of linear equations. The problem of projection deviation caused by using the center of the ellipse as the real circle center projection is addressed, and the results are utilized as the true image points to achieve the high precision camera calibration. As demonstrated by the simulations and practical experiments, the proposed method performs a better location and calibration performance by achieving the actual center projection of circular marks. The relevant results confirm the precision and robustness of the proposed approach.

An AutoML based trajectory optimization method for long-distance spacecraft pursuit-evasion game
Fuyunxiang YANG, Leping YANG, Yanwei ZHU
2023, 34(3):  754-765.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000060
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (4657KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

Current successes in artificial intelligence domain have revitalized interest in spacecraft pursuit-evasion game, which is an interception problem with a non-cooperative maneuvering target. The paper presents an automated machine learning (AutoML) based method to generate optimal trajectories in long-distance scenarios. Compared with conventional deep neural network (DNN) methods, the proposed method dramatically reduces the reliance on manual intervention and machine learning expertise. Firstly, based on differential game theory and costate normalization technique, the trajectory optimization problem is formulated under the assumption of continuous thrust. Secondly, the AutoML technique based on sequential model-based optimization (SMBO) framework is introduced to automate DNN design in deep learning process. If recommended DNN architecture exists, the tree-structured Parzen estimator (TPE) is used, otherwise the efficient neural architecture search (NAS) with network morphism is used. Thus, a novel trajectory optimization method with high computational efficiency is achieved. Finally, numerical results demonstrate the feasibility and efficiency of the proposed method.

Distributed fault diagnosis observer for multi-agent system against actuator and sensor faults
Zhengyu YE, Bin JIANG, Yuehua CHENG, Ziquan YU, Yang YANG
2023, 34(3):  766-774.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000047
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (5808KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

Component failures can cause multi-agent system (MAS) performance degradation and even disasters, which provokes the demand of the fault diagnosis method. A distributed sliding mode observer-based fault diagnosis method for MAS is developed in presence of actuator and sensor faults. Firstly, the actuator and sensor faults are extended to the system state, and the system is transformed into a descriptor system form. Then, a sliding mode-based distributed unknown input observer is proposed to estimate the extended state. Furthermore, adaptive laws are introduced to adjust the observer parameters. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated with numerical simulations.

Revised barrier function-based adaptive finite- and fixed-time convergence super-twisting control
Dakai LIU, Sven ESCHE
2023, 34(3):  775-782.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000071
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (3170KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

This paper presents an adaptive gain, finite- and fixed-time convergence super-twisting-like algorithm based on a revised barrier function, which is robust to perturbations with unknown bounds. It is shown that this algorithm can ensure a finite- and fixed-time convergence of the sliding variable to the equilibrium, no matter what the initial conditions of the system states are, and maintain it there in a predefined vicinity of the origin without violation. Also, the proposed method avoids the problem of overestimation of the control gain that exists in the current fixed-time adaptive control. Moreover, it shows that the revised barrier function can effectively reduce the computation load by obviating the need of increasing the magnitude of sampling step compared with the conventional barrier function. This feature will be beneficial when the algorithm is implemented in practice. After that, the estimation of the fixed convergence time of the proposed method is derived and the impractical requirement of the preceding fixed-time adaptive control that the adaptive gains must be large enough to engender the sliding mode at time $ t = 0 $ is discarded. Finally, the outperformance of the proposed method over the existing counterpart method is demonstrated with a numerical simulation.

Event-triggered model-free adaptive control for a class of surface vessels with time-delay and external disturbance via state observer
Hua CHEN, Chao SHEN, Jiahui HUANG, Yuhan CAO
2023, 34(3):  783-797.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000075
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (5227KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

This paper provides an improved model-free adaptive control (IMFAC) strategy for solving the surface vessel trajectory tracking issue with time delay and restricted disturbance. Firstly, the original nonlinear time-delay system is transformed into a structure consisting of an unknown residual term and a parameter term with control inputs using a local compact form dynamic linearization (local-CFDL). To take advantage of the resulting structure, use a discrete-time extended state observer (DESO) to estimate the unknown residual factor. Then, according to the study, the inclusion of a time delay has no effect on the linearization structure, and an improved control approach is provided, in which DESO is used to adjust for uncertainties. Furthermore, a DESO-based event-triggered model-free adaptive control (ET-DESO-MFAC) is established by designing event-triggered conditions to assure Lyapunov stability. Only when the system’s indicator fulfills the provided event-triggered condition will the control input signal be updated; otherwise, the control input will stay the same as it is at the last trigger moment. A coordinate compensation approach is developed to reduce the steady-state inaccuracy of trajectory tracking. Finally, simulation experiments are used to assess the effectiveness of the proposed technique for trajectory tracking.

Reliability analysis of torpedo loading based on fractional-order optimization model
Cheng YANG, Qingwei LIANG, Xinyu HAO, Sheng LIN
2023, 34(3):  798-803.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000085
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (546KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

A fractional-order cumulative optimization GM(1,2) model based on grey theory is proposed to study the relationship between torpedo loading and working reliabilities. In this model, the average relative error function related to order and background value is established. Taking the average relative error function as the objective function, the optimal value of the two parameters is obtained through the optimization method, and the minimum value of the average relative error is determined. The calculation example shows that this method can greatly improve the accuracy of the model and more accurately reflect the relationship between torpedo loading and working reliabilities compared with the traditional GM(1,2) model.

Reliability-based selective maintenance for redundant systems with dependent performance characteristics of components
Hui CAO, Fuhai DUAN, Yu’nan DUAN
2023, 34(3):  804-814.  doi:10.23919/JSEE.2023.000086
Abstract ( )   HTML ( )   PDF (3604KB) ( )  
Figures and Tables | References | Related Articles | Metrics

The reliability-based selective maintenance (RSM) decision problem of systems with components that have multiple dependent performance characteristics (PCs) reflecting degradation states is addressed in this paper. A vine-Copula-based reliability evaluation method is proposed to estimate the reliability of system components with multiple PCs. Specifically, the marginal degradation reliability of each PC is built by using the Wiener stochastic process based on the PC’s degradation mechanism. The joint degradation reliability of the component with multiple PCs is established by connecting the marginal reliability of PCs using D-vine. In addition, two RSM decision models are developed to ensure the system accomplishes the next mission. The genetic algorithm (GA) is used to solve the constraint optimization problem of the models. A numerical example illustrates the application of the proposed RSM method.