Journal of Systems Engineering and Electronics ›› 2023, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 515-529.doi: 10.23919/JSEE.2023.000011

• RELIABILITY • Previous Articles    

An anomaly detection method for spacecraft solar arrays based on the ILS-SVM model

Yu WANG1,2(), Tao ZHANG1,2(), Jianjiang HUI3(), Yajie LIU1,2,*()   

  1. 1 College of Systems Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China
    2 Hunan Key Laboratory of Multi-energy System Intelligent Interconnection Technology, Changsha 410073, China
    3 Beijing Institute of Tracking and Telecommunication Technology, Beijing 100094, China
  • Received:2021-06-15 Online:2023-04-18 Published:2023-04-18
  • Contact: Yajie LIU;;;
  • About author:
    WANG Yu was born in 1997. He received his B.S. degree in automation from Northeastern University in 2019, and M.S. degree in management science and engineering from National University of Defense Technology in 2021. He is pursuing his Ph.D. degree in National University of Defense Technology. His research interests include health assessment and anomaly detection of spacecraft components.E-mail:

    ZHANG Tao was born in 1976. He received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees from National University of Defense Technology (NUDT), Changsha, China, in 1998, 2001, and 2004, respectively. He is a full professor with the College of System Engineering, NUDT. He is also the Director of the Hunan Key Laboratory of Multi-Energy System Intelligent Interconnection Technology. His current research interests include optimal scheduling, data mining, and optimization methods on energy Internet. E-mail:

    HUI Jianjiang was born in 1979. He is a master of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences and is currently an assistant professor at Beijing Institute of Tracking and Telecommunication Technology. His research interest is space operation. E-mail:

    LIU Yajie was born in 1975. He is a Ph.D. and professor in National University of Defense Technology. He was a visiting scholar at the Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Department of the University of Toronto from September 2008 to October 2009. His research interests are emergency logistics design and optimization, and materiel integrated logistics support. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71901210; 61973310)


Solar arrays are important and indispensable parts of spacecraft and provide energy support for spacecraft to operate in orbit and complete on-orbit missions. When a spacecraft is in orbit, because the solar array is exposed to the harsh space environment, with increasing working time, the performance of its internal electronic components gradually degrade until abnormal damage occurs. This damage makes solar array power generation unable to fully meet the energy demand of a spacecraft. Therefore, timely and accurate detection of solar array anomalies is of great significance for the on-orbit operation and maintenance management of spacecraft. In this paper, we propose an anomaly detection method for spacecraft solar arrays based on the integrated least squares support vector machine (ILS-SVM) model: it selects correlated telemetry data from spacecraft solar arrays to form a training set and extracts n groups of training subsets from this set, then gets n corresponding least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) submodels by training on these training subsets, respectively; after that, the ILS-SVM model is obtained by integrating these submodels through a weighting operation to increase the prediction accuracy and so on; finally, based on the obtained ILS-SVM model, a parameter-free and unsupervised anomaly determination method is proposed to detect the health status of solar arrays. We use the telemetry data set from a satellite in orbit to carry out experimental verification and find that the proposed method can diagnose solar array anomalies in time and can capture the signs before a solar array anomaly occurs, which reflects the applicability of the method.

Key words: spacecraft solar array, anomaly detection, integrated least squares support vector machine (ILS-SVM), induced ordered weighted average (IOWA) operator, integrated model